TotalBuy Now Rs 9910.00
*Above mentioned government fees for registration of private Limited is calculated on minimum capital of Rs 1,00,000.
Stamp duty Extra for States: Punjab, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh
Charges extra for NRI/Foreign Directors, or Foreign shareholding companies. Timelines would also be significantly higher
A company is an association of persons who share a common goal. A Private Limited Company is a corporate legal entity. It is one of the most popular and easy to incorporate and is a privately held business entity in India. The word 'Private' denotes that a Pvt. Ltd. Co. cannot invite general Public to purchase its Shares and the word 'Limited' denotes that the Liability of the Shareholders and Directors is Limited.
This type of business entity limits owner liability to their shares, limits the number of shareholders to 50, and restricts shareholders from publicly trading shares. It has a Minimum of two members and a maximum of 200 members. It is governed by the Companies Act, 2013, Ministry of Corporate Affairs, and the Companies Incorporation Rules, 2014.
For private limited company registration in India, a minimum of two shareholders and two directors are required. A natural person can be both a director and shareholder, while a corporate legal entity can only be a shareholder. Further, foreign nationals, foreign corporate entities or NRIs are allowed to be Directors and/or Shareholders of a the same with Foreign Direct Investment, making it the preferred choice of entity for foreign promoters.
Registering a private limited company in India is a crucial part for any business. It provides an asset of advantages to an Entity.
Some of the salient features of a private limited company in India are limited liability, perpetual succession, corporate legal entity, trustworthiness, capital funding and raising, easy transferability, etc. Register a Pvt. Ltd in India with help of Company Vakil Experts today. Private limited form of incorporation is ideal for start-ups and growing businesses
In India, a private limited company is governed under the Companies Act,2013.
There are many reasons as to why registering a private limited company is a good idea.
Clearly, there are many reasons to register as a private limited company. It offers many advantages to both the company and the shareholders. In India, 93% of the companies incorporated have registered themselves as private limited companies.
Registration of a Pvt. Ltd. company is a simple 4-stage process. The following the stages of registration:-
Obtain Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)
The first and foremost step involves the procuring of the digital signature certificate which is nothing but e-signature certificate which is issued by the Certifying Authority in token form and is valid for 1 or 2 years. All the proposed directors of the Pvt. Ltd. are required to apply for the digital signature i.e. DSC.
Obtain Director Identification Number (DIN)
A registered Pvt Ltd Company in India can convert its structure into a Public Limited Company. This helps the corporation to have a broader access to the market. Directors Identification number is a unique eight-digit number which is a mandatory requirement for all the directors. Ministry of corporate affairs allots a DIN to every director with a lifetime validity.
Reservation and Approval of Name via RUN (Reserve Unique Name) Form Once the DIN and DSC of the directors are obtained, a list of 2 proposed names under the RUN (Reserve Unique Name) form for Pvt. Ltd is submitted to MCA for approval. Some of the considerations before selecting the name are:-
The applicant is now ready to start his/her business!
The Certificate of Incorporation (COI) issued will include the date of incorporation as well as the Permanent Account Number (PAN) of the entity.
Certificate of Incorporation
After the stage of Name Approval, a Memorandum of association (MoA) and Articles of association (AoA) is drafted. Both MoA and AoA are charter documents for a Pvt. Ltd. Company in India. All the incorporation documents need to be submitted with the prescribed e-form SPICe-INC- 32 along with the AoA, MoA and subscription statement. Once all the documents are duly verified and approved by the government, the certificate of incorporation is emailed to the applicant by the Registrar under his seal and signature.
Formation of a Pvt. Ltd. Company requires a minimum of 2 members thus making the formation quite simple and easy for people in general. Now-a-days a Company can be incorproated in matter of few days, there is no Compulsion of Name Approval, the concerned person can straight-off go for a SPICe form and file the same to the ROC for Company Registration or else they can first do it via Name selection through RUN Form submission with MCA for Company Incorproation and then file for SPICe Form with necesary docs and then in matter of a week all the formalities are done and a CIN is issued.
Corporations other than Pvt. Ltd. Corporations have a proper management structure. They need a board of administrators to administrate company policies and to appoint officers to manage the daily operations of the business. Any sort of Limited Liability Corporations doesn't necessarily need to own a rigid structure, they basically offer a great amount of flexibility. So Private Limited Company Registration in India is not only easy to form, but is also easy to manage and run. The registration process takes between 7 to 10 working days. It offers the flexibility of a partnership firm and the advantages of a Public Ltd Co.
The members of the Private Limited Company aren’t in charge of the debts of the corporate. The shareholders are solely liable for his or her share of contribution that they have endowed with the company. Shareholders liability is restricted to their unpaid quantity of share solely. All the members of the corporate have limited liability as in accordance with their respective share invested in the body corporate so they have a limited liability towards the same. In simple words the liability of each member or shareholders is limited. This means that as a shareholder one will be liable to pay for liability only to the extent of the contribution made by such person.
An incorporated company never dies, except once it's tense as per law. A company, being a separate legal person is unaffected by death or departure of any member and it remains an identical entity, despite total amendment within the membership. Perpetual succession means the membership of an organization might keep dynamic from time to time, however that shall not have an effect on its continuity. So basically an entity always exists in the eyes of law even in case of death, insolvency or bankruptcy of any of its members. This leads to a perpetual succession of the entity. The life of the corporation exists forever. There is a Very Famous saying by Sir Alfred Lor Tennyson which can be rephrased to explain Perpetual Succession i.e. “For Men May Come and Men May Go but a Company Goes on forever”
A Pvt. Ltd. Co. is a legal entity and artificial person established under the Companies Act. This means that though Member (Shareholders/Directors) are responsible for the management of the company. A member has no personal liability to the creditors for company’s debts. In simple words a private limited company features a distinct existence and a juristic person (not a natural person or human being) established underneath the Act. This Company type contains a wide legal capability and is allowable to possess property together with acquisition debts. Members and Promoters square measure break away the corporate. Therefore the distinct legal entity that edges the members.
There is a higher scope of expansion because it is easy to raise capital from financial institutes, angel investors, Venture Capitalist or any other external investment. A Pvt. Ltd. Co. is also flexible to be converted into other forms of business such as Public Limited Company, Nidhi Company, etc and can expand its virtue and scope. Basically, the scope for expansion is highly advantageous in nature as there is no obligation on the investors and creditors to invest in the body corporate but that plays a very effective role in the branding, promotion and effective management of the entity
A Pvt. Ltd. Company Registered in India is also easy to wind up and dissolve, especially post the enactment of startup India and Make in India moment by the Government. There are various ways of Dissolving a Company it can be via applying for Winding Up or if its a small non-functional company, you can go for a Strike-Off for the same and the company won’t exist as an Active entity in the MCA ‘s Registrar of Company.
Since an entity is a fictitious person, so technically it becomes the sole owner of everything owned by it and nobody can demand the possession of the same. The shareholders cannot make any claim upon the property of the corporation, the Pvt Ltd. Company itself is that the true owner. Although, at the time of dissolution of the Company via Winding up or by any other means, once paying each debt, Shareholders will claim their quantity from the property of the company.
Funds are often borrowed to a good extent by Private Limited Companies. A lot of Registered Companies raise funds by shareholders. Also, the Banking and monetary institutions prefer a private limited company instead of any other alternative type of business entity.
The investors and other creditors of the Private Limited Company invest easily in a pvt ltd. co. because its major advantage of limited liability and another beneficial reason is that their less amount of tax liability (deductions are done as per Section 80C to 80U if the Income Tax Act) plays a very crucial and effective role in the formation of the body corporate and furthermore, for its organisational growth and expansion.
Private Limited Company has various Tax Advantages over other forms of business entity. As per current Tax norms, a Private Limited Company is covered under the flat rate of 25% Income Tax upto a turnover of 50 Crores during the previous year and 30% in case it exceeds the turnover of Rs. 50 Crore. Similarly, if a company’s turnover exceeds a turnover of Rs. 20 Lakhs then GST Registration become mandatory for it over the same.
This means in an exceedingly private limited company it is attainable to form an efficient contract with any of its members. An individual may be at an equivalent time be an investor, creditor, director and conjointly a worker of the corporate. It’s versatile relating to the members of the corporate.
The restriction placed on the sale or transfer of shares could also be thought-about a bonus or disadvantage looking on your outlook. It is a bonus to some shareholders as a result of shareholders World Health Organization need to sell shares cannot sell them to outside patrons. Shareholders should additionally comply with the sale or transfer of shares; so, the chance of hostile takeovers is low. The restriction placed on the sale of shares could be a disadvantage as a result of shareholders have restricted choices for liquidating shares.
A company being a body company, will sue and be sued in its own name. To sue, means that to institute legal proceedings against (a person) or to bring a suit in a very court of law. All legal proceedings against the corporate area unit to be instituted in its name. Similarly, the corporate could bring associate degree action against anyone in its own name.
Private Limited Company directors will decide how they want to distribute profits to their shareholders. In contrast to various other forms of entities, they're needed to share profits to shareholders.
A Private Limited Liability Company could be a versatile type of business entity that gives several benefits. It limits the liabilities of the owners, does not need heaps of record-keeping, avoids double taxation and provides the owners lots of choices for a management structure that matches their things.
Private Limited Liability Company, has a complete series of books of accounts which can be or cannot be shown to other, as a reserved right kept with the corporate. All the business transactions are recorded in a manner that having a clear ideology behind the concept of revealing the books of accounts before the several partners and stakeholders of the corporate.
Moreover, as a matter of fact as compared to public limited liability company, this type of corporate body has an obligation to publish its books of accounts or other relevant information which is related or which in accordance with the books of accounts, but a corporate-like Private Limited Company has a benefit over this, it has a complete privacy of books of accounts and no other private or public department is entitled to ask to show or publish their books of accounts.
There are basically 3 types of Statutory meetings i.e. an Annual General Meeting, a General Meeting and Extra Ordinary General Meeting. Only an AGM is the one that has to take place on a particular time and within a stipulated Time Interval every year, rest of the meeting are not Mandatory they are called upon as per the convenience and need of the Directors of the Pvt. Ltd. Company in India.
A Private Limited has Legal formalities throughout the year like Filing of Annual Returns, Income Tax Filings, Meetings, Records of Meetings, Invitation for the Meetings, Shareholders Meetings, Separate Directors Meetings, GST return filling etc.
Avoiding the Legal formalities will result in high penalties and even imprisonment of Directors.
Private limited Company restricts transferability of shares by its articles. Shares cannot be sold or transferred to anyone without the consent of the Board of Directors. In case of selling shares to an outsider a shareholder must make an offer to the existing shareholders of the corporation before selling.
With New Company Registration rules, there is No Minimum Authorized Share Capital required for forming a Private Limited Company India.
Restricted Access to Capital Markets
A Pvt. Ltd. Company cannot get its shares listed in any stock exchange through initial public offerings. With this restriction, private limited companies may find it difficult to attract outside investors to buy the shares.
A Compulsory Audit has to be conducted in every financial year.
Selection of Name
The availability of name becomes a problem certain guidelines are to be followed while selecting the name, we at Company Vakil have made it simple with our Company name search tool.
Comparatively Complicated than LLP
Procedure for Registration of Pvt Ltd. Company in India is comparatively complicated as well as costly in comparison to a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP).
In a Pvt. Ltd. Company, profits are to be shared amongst larger number of people as it has many shareholders.
Registered Office Proof
No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the owner. Utility bill (not older than two months) and Notarized Rent agreement (if it is a rented property)/Registered Proof or House Tax Receipt (in case of owned property)
Latest Bank statement/Utility bill in the name of director which should not be older than two months
ID Proof and Passport size photo
Scanned copy of Passport size Photograph, PAN Card & Aadhar Card of all directors / Voter ID / Passport / Driving License
Digital signature for two directors to digitally sign the documents
PAN Number of the Entity to open a bank account and for filling Income Tax Returns
Certificate of incorporation bearing company's registration number and details
Director Identification Number (DIN)
DIN - A unique identification number allotted to each director
MOA & AOA
Defines the Rules and Objectives of the Business
DSC is an electronic online signature issued by licensed certifying authorities. All the proposed directors of the company are required to apply for a digital signature (DSC), it is necessary for digitally signing the electronic incorporation documents.
Directors Identification number is a unique eight-digit number which is a mandatory requirement for all the directors of the proposed corporation. Ministry of corporate affairs allots a DIN to every director of the entity with a lifetime validity without which one cannot be a director.
Once we obtain the DIN and DSC of the directors, a list of 2 proposed names for the entity will be submitted via a RUN Form (Reserve Unique Name Form) to MCA for approval. We will conduct a prior detailed check for your name availability through our unique name search tool. We get your name approved subject to availability and naming guidelines.
After the stage of Name Approval, we draft a Memorandum of association (MoA) and Articles of association (AoA) for your corporation. All the incorporation documents need to be submitted with the prescribed e-form SPICe - 32 along with the AoA, MoA and subscription statement. Once all the documents are duly verified and approved by the government, the certificate of incorporation is emailed to you. During which, we will apply for PAN and TAN of your newly commenced entity.
We are India`s one stop tech legal registration platform aimed on making legal registrations efficient and affordable to end user, i.e. individuals, entrepreneurs or business owners.
Company Vakil with the help of technology and experts such as lawyers, Chartered accountants, company secretary makes Company registration error-free and seamless.
We provide variety of services such as Company registration, trademark registration, copyright, udyog aadhaar (MSME), GST registration, Import Export Code Registration etc. and with help of Company Vakil you can do an Online Company Registration from any Part of India.
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Seamless Process – Through Company Vakil we try to make the process of registration as convenient and seamless as possible. With free tools like trademark and company name check – it makes it easy and convenient for you to select and finalize the unique and right name for your brand.
Customer redressal – We at Company Vakil give upmost importance to customer’s satisfaction, that said we have a customer redressal team setup that outranks every other legal portal in the country, with an option to chat with our CEO if our team fails to fulfill your query.
No office/physical Visits are required, it is a 100% Online Process, and all the necessary Documents will be exchanged through email.
Minimum 2 or Maximum 200 Shareholders are required for its incorporation.
Any Individual beyond the age of 18 Years can be a Director in a Pvt Ltd. NRI’s & Foreign Nationals can also start and Manage a Private Limited in India as there is no Restriction on Citizenship or Residential Status.
Minimum 2 and Maximum 15 Directors are required to incorporate a private ltd. in India.
Yes, you can become a Director. If the Employment Contract allows you to do so. There are no Legal Limitation in this regard.
Authorized Capital is the maximum Amount of Equity Share that can be issued by a Pvt. Ltd. Co. and Paid UP Capital is the total amount of Shares issued to the Shareholders. Authorized Capital can be raised any time after Commencement of an Entity to issue more Shares to the Shareholders.
DSC is considered an Identity of a Directors, it is an Electronically Encrypted Signature unique to a particular person and has been made Mandatory by MCA for all the Directors.
Pvt Ltd. Co. is Considered as the best option for any Startup because of the following Reasons:-
1. It shows a Startup’s Credibility and a Long Term Business Goal.
2. Limited Liability i.e. it is limited to the Value of Shares Allotted
3. Minimum 2 Directors/Shareholders are required to incorporate a Pvt. Ltd. Co.
4. It is a Pre – Requisite for getting Funding.
5. Flexible – In future can be converted into a public Limited Company’s
6. Limited Annual Compliance
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