When we here “India” then our mind visualizes some images of the green farm, hardworking farmers, rivers etc. in the global world, India is the top agrarian country where half portion of the population is the farmer but unfortunately Indian farmers are still poor. India is a unique country where it’s prime minister cultivated himself on his resident even he requested all citizens to do same “Agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy and the villages are the lifelines of growth of India”. Agriculture is a very important sector for the sustained growth of the Indian economy. About 70 per cent of rural households and 8 per cent of urban households are still principally dependent on agriculture for employment. Since some three-quarters of the population live in rural areas, a majority of households thus depend principally on this sector. Though, industrialization of the Indian economy has adversely affected the share of agriculture in the GDP, the fact cannot be ignored that India has undergone a series of successful agricultural revolutions-starting with the ‘green’ revolution in wheat and rice in the 1960s and 1970s, the ‘white’ revolution in milk to the ‘yellow’ revolution in oil seeds in 1980s. As a result, India has achieved self-sufficiency in agriculture. Applications of agricultural inputs at uniform rates across the field without due regard to in-field variations in soil fertility and crop conditions do not yield desirable results in terms of crop yield. The management of in-field variability in soil fertility and crop conditions for improving crop production and minimizing the environmental impact is the crux of precision farming.
Farmer is advising to their child, don’t be former. Its reason is only one that farmer is not getting the correct value of his product. The industrialist who manufacture any product is free to fix their product cost but if we bring focus on the farmer, they don’t have the authority to demand their own cost. Farmers don’t have the option to fix cost. They must sell product on government’s fixed rate. In industry, the machine needs a few minutes to produce one product but in agriculture stream, farmers are waiting for 3 months. In the plant huge quantity of material producing in a day but the farmer can produce single time in a year. After six month’s hard work farmer have some expectation about crops. During sowing seed, the farmer is showing his hope, expectation, happiness and family future as seeds. He gave a lot of positive hope about the best production. The farmer always prays to get natural support because cultivating is totally depends upon natural support. But sometimes he doesn’t get expected support from god & nature. The farmer collects loan to cultivate and care his agriculture. Farmer expects good output to pay loan amount & installments. But when nature destroys crop then loan amount will increase. In that case, he lost his hope, future’s dream and many more he planned for his family. He misplaced between the darkness of uncertainty. He is not able to find the light way to bring out of this uncertainty.
When the farmer doesn’t find the way to come in light then some of the negative thoughts surrounding him and make pressure to do same. Now he can’t think about his family, he can’t think about his future even he can’t think about the value of life. He decides to not live more with this pressure and select suicide way. This is the actual reason why the farmer finishes his life. Some of the suicide attempts made by farmers in different states explain everything…
- Maharashtra has recorded 1,092 farmer suicides till the end of May this year according to official data. This is lower by only 72 cases compared to 2017 despite a loan waiver being declared in the state a year ago.While there has been a marginal dip in the total cases, the arid and deprived Marathwada region has seen a rise in these five months. It has recorded 396 cases this year compared to 380 cases by May last year.
- In an agrarian state like Madhya Pradesh, more than 26 lakh farmers have taken farm loans worth Rs 13,000 crore from co-operative banks, say bank sources while the latest national crime record bureau (NCRB) claims that 11,000 farmers have committed suicide in the state in the last nine years.
- Gujarat, the ‘model’ state, is 9th among Indian states in the number of farmer suicides taking place over 3 years – 2013 to 2015. In this period, 1,483 farmers killed themselves in Gujarat because they were heavily in debt.Data with the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) indicates that 582 farmers committed suicide in 2013.
- As many as 3,515 farmers in Karnataka committed suicide between April 2013 and November 2017, out of which 2,525 were due to drought and farm failure, statistics provided by the State Agriculture Department said. “3,515 farmers were reported to have committed suicide from April 2013 to November 2017, and from April 2008 to April 2012, as many as 1,125 farmers were reported to have committed suicide,” it said. Out of the 3,515 suicide cases reported, agriculture department accepted 2,525 cases which were due to drought and crop failure, the data said.
- The Tamil Nadu government today told the Supreme Court that a total of 30 farmers have committed suicide across the state in 2016-17 and it was taking appropriate measures to deal with the situation.
These all are captured from news reports.
Here we know suicide attempts made by farmers in different states only because of the heavy loan amount. To make a farmer’s life good, Maharashtra government have decided to do best. The government know farmers can make happy only with financial support. To provide financial support government launched Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj shetkari sanman yojana. This scheme is only launched to relief farmer’s loan burden. This scheme will assist only selected farmers.
Key features of the scheme
- Waiver up to 1.5 lakhs – For assisting the agricultural workers of the state, the state authority has announced that relinquishment of 1.5lakhs will be made on agricultural credits, taken by the farmers, irrespective of their total loan amount.
- Return benefits under the scheme – It has been highlighted in the scheme that all those agricultural workers who have paid the interest and installments on a regular basis will be awarded 25% of the total credit as a cash return.
- Contribution by MLAs -The agricultural credit waiver will cause a dent in the coffers of the state government. To fund the implementation of the scheme, all MLAs will donate their one month salary for these case.
- A number of beneficiaries under the scheme- according to the reports this scheme will assist around 89 lakh farmers.
How to get the application form?
All eligible and interested farmers who want to be a part of the program will have to click on the authorized website of the scheme and get the application form. The form is in PDF format. This means that one can download it and get a printout. The form is available on http://wv w.aaplesarkar.maharashtra.gov.in/.
Registration process under the scheme
For the assistance of the farmers, the state government has kept the facility of registering and submitting the application both online and offline. Here, you will acquire detailed application procession both methods.
- To acquire the form, the candidate will have to click on the official link that is maintained by the state government of Maharashtra. By clicking onhttps://aaplesarkar.maharashtra.gov.in/en/ one will get access to the home page and then to the form.
- When on the home page, the candidate must click on the “Register” button. Then he needs to click on the link that will redirect him to the application form.
- Once this has been done, the candidate will have to make the declaration that he has the Unique Identification Code or the Aadhar Card. Without this code, the application will not be registered.
- When registration has been done, the candidate will need the OTP. It will be generated by the site automatically. By providing the OTP, the applicant will be a move forward towards filling the form. The form has been made available in Marathi as well as English.
- The form must be filled “ name, address, age, contact, bank account details, agriculture details, loan payment details, the area of land, adhar no.
- Once all required data has been entered in the form, the registration process must be completed by clicking on the submit button.
Once the submission has been successfully done, the candidate will be provided with a code number &Recording number. It is also called the application ID.
- If the candidate is interested in applying for the scheme via the offline process then he will have to collect the registration form from any of the CSC centers near his home. The Agricultural Department Office will also provide the form.
- After collecting form candidate will have to fill all the details mentioned in the previous section.
- Once the form has been filled, the candidate will have to attach the required documents like Adhar Number, loan papers, land papers, ID proof and account number for verification.
- After this, the form must be submitted in the respective office or the CSC centers. They will get a code that
Is the proof of the fact that the candidate has applied under the scheme.
- With implementation, the Maharashtra government will verify the details of the farmers and then make the selection accordingly. Only once the list of farmers has been finalized, it will publish on the official portal.
This step of the Maharashtra government is the ideal step for all other states and they should also think about the farmer. When farmer will happy then country will healthy.