- The Tea Board of India is a state agency of the Government of India established to promote the cultivation, processing, and domestic trade as well as export of tea from India. It was established by the enactment of the Tea Act in 1953 with its headquarters in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).
- Tea is one of the industries, which by an Act of Parliament comes under the control of the Union Govt. The genesis of the Tea Board India dates back to 1903 when the Indian Tea Cess Bill was passed. The Bill provided for levying a cess on tea exports – the proceeds of which were to be used for the promotion of Indian tea both within and outside India. The present Tea Board set up under section 4 of the Tea Act 1953 was constituted on 1st April 1954. It has succeeded the Central Tea Board and the Indian Tea Licensing Committee which functioned respectively under the Central Tea Board Act, 1949 and the Indian Tea Control Act, 1938 which were repealed. The activities of the two previous bodies had been confined largely to a regulation of tea cultivation and export of tea as required by the International Tea Agreement then in force, and promotion of tea Consumption.
Who is the Chairman of Tea Board?
Santiago Sarangi, an IAS officer, was looking after the affairs of Tea Board as its acting chairman. Bezbaruah, who hails from Jorhat in Assam, owns tea gardens there and is the first non-IAS to become the chairman of Tea Board.
Bezbaruah will take over as the chairman of the Tea Board of India, filling up a post lying vacant since M.G.V.K. Bhanu left three years ago.
- Assam Tea has a rich, deep amber colour and is famous for its rich, full-bodied cup. It is known for its brisk, strong and malty character, making it a perfect tea to wake up to. The distinctive second flush orthodox Assam teas are valued for their rich taste, bright liquors and are considered to be one of the choicest teas in the world.
- It is also a refuge for endangered species like the One-horned Rhino, Red-headed Vulture and the Hoolock Gibbon and of course, mind-boggling diversity. It is a land that protects and preserves. Just like the Tocklai Experimental Station, the world’s oldest and largest research station of its kind, carries out clonal propagation and constant research so that the strength of the full-bodied liquor is retained. All to make sure that the tea bushes yield high-quality tea.
- Assam tea is manufactured specifically from the plant Camellia sinensis var. assamica (Masters). This tea, most of which is grown at or near sea level, is known for its body, briskness, malty flavour, and strong, bright colour. Assam teas, or blends containing Assam, are often sold as “breakfast” teas.
- Packed full of antioxidants, Assam tea not only wins on taste but also on health benefits. Not quite as loaded with antioxidants as green and white tea due to the extensive oxidation process, however, benefits such as decreasing the risk of heart attacks and strokes, and improve blood circulation.
TEA BOARD ORGANISATION AND FUNCTIONS
Organization of the Board: The present Tea Board is functioning as a statutory body of the Central Government under the Ministry of Commerce. The Board is constituted of 31 members (including Chairman) drawn from Members of Parliament, tea producers, tea traders, tea brokers, consumers, and representatives of Governments from the principal tea producing states, and trade unions.The Board is reconstituted every three years.
The Tea Board has wide functions and responsibilities under the direction of the Central Government. Briefly, the primary functions of the Tea Board are as under:
- a) Rendering financial and technical assistance for cultivation, manufacture and marketing of tea.
- b) Export Promotion
- c) Aiding Research and Development activities for augmentation of tea production and improvement of tea quality.
- d) Extend financial assistance in a limited way to the plantation workers and their wards through labour welfare schemes.
- e) To encourage and assist both financially and technically the unorganized small grower’s sector.
- f) Collection and maintenance of Statistical data and publication
- g) Such other activities as are assigned from time to time by the Central Government.
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Tea & Health
Tea has always had pleasant associations with relaxation, but now scientific research from around the world suggests that tea may have significant positive health benefits.
It has long become clear that the incidence of many diseases is closely linked with dietary habits. For example, evidence from basic laboratory research and observational studies in the human population convincingly established that persons who consume large amounts of fruits and vegetables experience lower cancer rates. In sharp contrast, the role of beverage consumption on human health is less clear. Except for studies on alcohol and human health, it is only recently that the issue of the consumption of beverages and human health has become a subject of interest. One observation needs mentioning.
In some parts of the world, especially in the United States, Canada and most European countries, a break period in a meeting is called a “Coffee Break”. In other parts of the world, especially in India, China, Japan and Korea, this type of break is called a “Tea Break”.
Epidemiological observations have clarified that the incidence of certain diseases, most notably cancer and heart disease, is substantially lower in countries with a culture of “Tea Break” than in countries with a practice of “Coffee Break”. Modern scientific research is clarifying that this anecdotal evidence is linked to health-promoting effects of Tea. For generations in tea consuming countries, the beneficial effects of tea in fighting certain diseases were advocated by grandmothers, a concept passed on to the next generation. Some of these grandmas even said, “If you are sick have a cup of tea”. The population of non-tea consuming countries, until recently, never paid attention to this notion and often called this correlation a myth. Only in the mid-1980s, scientists started paying attention to examining the health beneficial effects of tea in laboratory studies and then comparing their research data with observations made in population studies.
Due to the aroma and low cost, for generations teas derived from leaves of the plant Camellia saneness has been, next to water, the most widely consumed beverage in the world. Regarding serious research on tea and human health, the first disease for examination was cancer, followed by coronary heart disease, two of the most feared diseases affecting the human population worldwide. Data on many diseases has now emerged. In early studies, almost all the work focused on green tea. Extensive amounts of published studies from many laboratories around the world have provided convincing evidence that green tea consumption reduces cancer incidence in models of skin, lung, prostate, breast, stomach and oesophagus cancers in animal models. Epidemiological observations are suggesting that green tea consumption is associated with lower cancer rates of prostate, oesophagus, breast, and lung.
Provides a forum for members on virtually all aspects and operations of the tea industry:
- Energy and energy conservation
- Environmental issues
- Quality Management
- Renewable energy applications
- Power Tariff Advocacy
- Natural Gas supply to the industry
Conducts and facilitates management development programmers for member companies. E-Governance portal of Tea Board has been launched. Tea board of India, .of manufacturing of tea except under a valid registration obtained under this. For the convenience of the manufacturer, Tea Board has developed an online portal.
The genesis of the Tea Board India dates back to 1903 when the Indian Tea Cass. The present Tea Board set up under section 4 of the Tea Act 1953 was. Of manufacturing of tea except under a valid registration obtained under this. For the convenience of the manufacturer, Tea Board has developed an online portal.
Tea Board of India will launch a registration drive for small tea growers of the northeast region.
The small tea growers are spread over the states of Assam, Tamilnadu, West Bengal, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Bodoland. Nearly two lakhs small tea growers in India accounts for 28% of the total area and contribute 26.25% of the total production of 980 million kg.
Despite a significant contribution in the Indian tea industry more than 80% of the small tea growers are not registered with Tea Board. Most of the small tea growers in most of the states do not possess the required land documents to establish their ownership, hence they are not registered by Tea Board. As per Tea Act, for the registration purpose land document is needed. This non-registration deprive them of various assistance schemes of the Tea Board as well as credit facilities from organized financial institutions, CISTA said in a release.
The Tea Act that came in to force in 1953 had stipulated that it was mandatory for all growers to obtain planting permission and registration based on certain specific documents such as proof of land ownership, map and soil testing for suitability under section 12 & 14 of the Act. These provisions were conceived and designed at a time when land ownership was largely above 10.12 hectare. Others stimulating included primarily the International Tea Agreement (ITA), which made it mandatory on governments to prevent the global oversupply of tea.
Indian Tea board is the world leader in the tea industry. We must aware with Indian Tea Board and feel proud.