Digital Signature Process in India

Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) is an authentic document which is made with the help of asymmetric crypto system and hash function which validates e-record and protects it from unauthorized access. Digital Signature online is one such process by which you can obtain DSC without approaching any mortar-brick structure. DSC online is controlled and governed by the Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act, 2000) and it can only be purchased by the certifying authority so mentioned in the Act or to whom the appropriate government has conferred power to.

In lieu of the same, the process by which an individual or a company can obtain DSC by following any of the 2 ways:

  • Option 1: Applicants can directly approach Certifying Authorities (CAs) with original supporting documents, and self-attested copies which will be sufficient in this case.
  • Option 2: DSCs can also be obtained, wherever offered by CA, using Aadhar e-KYC based authentication.

The above-mentioned CA’s are the ones who are authorized u/s-24 of the IT Act, 2000. And in India, they are as follows: 6


National Informatics Centre (NIC)
IDRBT Certifying Authority
SafeScrypt CA Services, Sify Communications Ltd.
(n) Code Solutions CA
Tata Consultancy Services


The different types of Digital Signature Certificates which are issued by the CA’s are:

  • Class 2: Here, the identity of a person is verified against a trusted, pre-verified database.

  • Class 3: This is the highest level where the person needs to present himself or herself in front of a Registration Authority (RA) and prove his/ her identity.

Now we should be talking about the DSC online process that is to be adopted for obtaining DSC. In order to obtain it, the prescribed application form of the chosen agency has to be filled in and submitted along with the required documents to the certifying agency. The certification agency office verifies all the documents and upon satisfaction issues DSC in a USB token (and also through email), which is a password protected file.

In respect of the same, the documents and information required for digital signature is as follows:

  1. One identity proof containing photo and date of birth and One address proof is required to be submitted along with the application form.

  2. Identity proof may include Passport/Voter Card/Driving License/PAN Card etc. In case of a foreign citizen/NRI, it should necessarily be a copy of passport.

  3. Address proof may include a Passport/Voter Card/Ration Card/Driving License/Electricity Bill/Telephone Bill/Bank Statement etc.

  4. General information such as name, father’s name, date of birth, nationality, contact details, etc. is also required for filling the form. Additionally, father’s and mother’s name are required for the mandatory roll check of DSC with the certifying authorities as well as to the Registrar of Companies (ROC) in case you are registering any company under the Companies Act. 2013.

For the purposes of obtaining Digital Signature in India, some of the attestations are required for the foreign nationals, which is a mandatory compliance and without adhering the same, a foreign national cannot obtain a DSC in India. The requirement includes that a foreign national should provide his photograph, identity proof and address proof which should be duly attested by the notary either public or of Indian embassy or of apostille authority established in the home country of the applicant or foreign citizen. 

Note: And this process as opposed to the existing manual and physical process, only takes 1-3 days to provide you the DSC, which is clearly authorized by the Indian government and it shall be used as conclusive proof as the person who certifies with it.  

Therefore, this is online and the current procedure which is applicable for obtaining DSC, but to ease your work and to provide you DSC you may contact the experts like which will save your money as well as time in getting and issuing the DSC with no difficulties. To know more about this, please refer to the DSC registration service of